Recently, a few buddies and I got together to try to make our own bacon. Below is a brief tutorial on how to make your own bacon at home, as well as some recipes and tips from our own experience.
Step 1: Find a pork belly
Ask around at local butcher shops. Many will carry pork belly. You are looking for pork belly that still has the skin on. The thicker the belly, the wider the bacon, so be picky and ask for the thickest, best looking belly they have.
If you live in southcentral Alaska, you can get pork bellies from Mike’s Quality Meats in Eagle River for $2.79/ lbs. They’re thinner cuts than I would like, so I may look around to see who else carries pork belly.
Step 2: Find a recipe for curing your bacon
Find a recipe for curing your pork belly. We used five different recipes, all with good success. For now, here’s a typical bacon recipe to get you started. We will be adding more recipes as we refine our technique!
Maple and Brown Sugar Bacon:
- 5lbs pork belly
- 400g kosher salt
- 120g brown sugar
- 4 cups maple sugar
Step 3: Rub the dry ingredients into the pork belly
Make sure you rub the salt and dry ingredients into every crevice and piece of the pork belly. This will ensure an even cure.
Step 4: Put the pork belly into a large ziploc bag. Add liquid ingredients if relevant.
A note on salt and sodium nitrite
Many recipes call for sodium nitrite or “pink salt.” Sodium nitrite is preservative to help prevent botulism. However, botulism in bacon is exceedingly rare, if not impossible, if you don’t let your meat sit out and get warm. Today, the nitrites are really only used in bacon to give it a pink hue.
It’s up to you whether you choose to use sodium nitrite in your bacon. Because we take really good care of our meat, we don’t use it. In my mind, it sort of defeats the purpose of homemade bacon. Plus, sodium nitrite, when heated to high temperatures, forms carcinogenic nitrosamines.
Step 5: Allow your pork belly to cure for 3-7 days.
Flip the ziploc bags every day. The salt will begin to draw out the liquid in the pork belly, and you’ll want to ensure that it does so evenly. Check the bacon every day for firmness. You want a good portion of liquid to escape the bacon, but you don’t want the bacon to become to dry or salty. It’s an inexact science. Feel the bacon to see if it’s substantially firmer than when you started. That’s a good indication it’s about ready.
Step 6: Rinse off your meat. Slice off a couple pieces and try it out!
Take the pork belly out of the fridge and rinse off the cure from the meat. After a week of curing, your pork belly is now bacon! You can eat it now, or you can (and should) smoke the bacon to add additional flavor. However, you should try a couple of slices to see how salty your bacon is.
The end of your bacon slab will be saltiest, so slice off the end of the slab and then slice off another piece of bacon. This is how your bacon is going to taste. If it is too salty, soak the bacon slab in water for a hour or two. Try another slice until the saltiness of the bacon suits your tastes.
Step 7: Smoke your bacon
Smoking your bacon is easy. You can use a smoker or simply an outdoor grill. We had the benefit of a big smoker, but if you want a tutorial on how to smoke your bacon using a grill, go here.
Remember, bacon is cured, not cooked. You want the internal temperature of your bacon to reach 150F, but not much higher. The air temperature in your smoker/grill should not exceed 200F. If it gets too hot, the pork fat will begin to melt, leaving you with less bacon!
Step 8: Slice off the rind (skin)
After the interior of your bacon has reached 150 F, take it out of the smoker. Allow it to cool, then cut off the rind (pig skin). Put your bacon slab in the freezer until it is firm, to make it easier to slice.
Step 8: Slice, package, and enjoy!
Slice your bacon into strips. Make sure you are slicing the right way: if you imagine the belly still on the pig, you would cut vertical slices from front to back.